The search for architectural and planning solutions
The dream of a separate private house-studio came from Konstantin Melnikov even during his training at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. First, he wanted to buy a finished house and rebuild it, so long looking for a suitable building in Moscow. Save the architect in the years 1916-1917 plans to restructure one of the oldest stone buildings in Moscow in neoclassical style. Traditional approaches to the layout and appearance of her home in the first sketches Mel'nikova explains the influence of academic architecture IV Zholtovsky, who worked at the architectural Melnykov school and office under the leadership of which he has worked since 1917 in Architecture and planning workshop of the Construction Division Mossovet - first State architectural workshop Soviet era.
However, by early 1920-ies KS Melnikov intensively develop projects build homes in an innovative style. In the private archive of architect preserved the various draft versions of their own homes, but they all assume the device is not just a house, a home-workshop, which connected to home and work environment. Melnikov was so tied to his family that it was not for himself other than the home, the atmosphere for creativity.
Unlike other buildings Melnikova, house-studio was designed by architect, taking into account only their own taste and ideas about housing and working environment. In eskizirovaniya home Melnykov acted in two roles at once - and the designer and the customer could afford the utmost freedom of forms.
The first known building new projects at home - this two-square in terms of building in the center of the ground floor which has a large set at an angle of Russian oven. On the other sketches total homes is a truncated pyramid, in a single enclosure which are suspended as it crashed into the wall of the small slope room. In doing so, and the first and subsequent versions of the draft at home Melnykov paid more attention to interior design and layout of premises than appearance at home, an example of space for themselves and their families.
Experiments with a round plan appeared in the drawings Melnikova to 1922. Architect draws sketches oval and even ovoid building, continuing the practice setting. The final project, a combination of two incut each other cylinders, according to researchers of creativity KS Melnikov comes from unfulfilled project club name Zueva. In 1927, participating in the competition for the design of this club, KS Melnikov creates for his own expression of "body of the five cylinders", and then, when the building was conducted on the draft Ilia voice, he decides to at least partially to translate their ideas on the number entered at each other vertical cylinders in their own homes.