Approved to build a version
Approved to build a version of the draft dated 19 June 1927. The overall three-dimensional composition of home-studio in the project determined definitively. But the interior layout has refined Melnikova already under construction. Together with the project architect, made the split layout of the building, allows to see the architectural composition and the internal layout of the future of home-studio. The model required in obtaining the site for development projects, as well as to explain the complex construction of volume-spatial structure of the building.
The walls of the houses were made of red brick special patterned masonry, creating openwork frame. Masonry was carried out on the project with a shift along the wall through a series of walls and across the two series. As a result of this design, as he wrote himself K. Melnikov, in the exterior walls of the house appeared 124 hexagonal aperture (other sources indicate that the wall originally contained "about 200" or 100 openings). Most of the Prosvetov during the construction was laid down, but about 60 are left for windows and niches. The original skeleton of the walls creates the possibility of the operation of the home, without loss of structures, if necessary, change the location of windows, making a new box almost anywhere in the wall and zadelyvaya exist. Unnecessary openings which lie in the process of building broken bricks and construction debris, thus significantly reduce the price of the cost of building and construction materials to save - as contemporaries recall the construction, with the construction was not removed any cars debris. Besides the obvious savings, the proposed KS Melnikov system stack allowed for the distribution of stresses evenly across the wall, and to exclude the need for load-bearing columns and jumper. An unusual wall design allows some authors of publications on the works of KS Melnikov Melnikov house compare with the work of American architect Richard Fuller and perform similar to the bee sotami and structure of carbon nanotubes. If Fuller was clearly known Melnikov, from the designer and engineer Shukhov Melnykov seriously worked in the years preceding the construction of their own homes and in the course of construction: Bahmetevsky together they designed the garage and the garage Novoryazanskoye street. The design of the house Melnikova - these are two connected cylindrical brick retina, similar to shells Shukhov, combine durability with minimal consumption of material.
No less original was designed intercommunication ceilings made of wood cut, put on edge. Ceilings homes resemble mesh floors shell Shukhov, patented it in 1896. By the time construction of Melnikov's own house has already had positive experience in the construction of innovative designs in wood, examples of which can serve as pavilion "shag" at the first All-Russian agricultural and artisanal and industrial exhibition in 1923 in Moscow, the Soviet Pavilion for the World Exhibition of 1925 in Paris and wood trade New pavilions Sukharevskaya market.
"The lack of funds we have been replaced by an abundance of architectural fantasies - wrote K. Melnikov, - an independent sense of destroying any dependence on the care, intimacy themes opened up tremendous prospects for the outstanding problems of life, truly a real savings made nine meters flown in the same dangerous and no less than new, What was at one time Gromada Florence Cathedral".
Boards floors intersect at right angles, forming a grid of square cells measuring 0.5 x 0.5 meters. Above and below, the mesh protecting the wooden floor. As a result, the device intercommunication overlappings not use columns, rafter and beam, and floor work constructively as a single plate-membrane. The overlap provides constructive reliability, even under the weight of a deflection. Thus, in the studio ceiling, the architect of several PROVISA but Melnykov the repair did not straighten it, explaining it so that the arched ceiling in the form of a lens to better catch the light, reflecting it down.